Il comune, situato a nordest dell’isola di Maiorca, costituisce l’autentico polmone del Mediterraneo, in quanto gran parte delle sue acque si trovano all’interno della Riserva Marina di Levante.
Nel 2007, il Governo Baleare ha approvato, mediante decreto, la creazione della Riserva Marina di Levante di Maiorca, situata a nordest dell’isola, tra Cala Mata e Cap des Freu.
Tale area marina è stata scelta per la grande diversità di habitat, nonché delle comunità ittiche e bentoniche ivi presenti. Ad oggi si contano 32 comunità, la maggior parte delle quali in buono stato di conservazione, ed oltre 900 specie, principalmente alghe, pesci e molluschi.
The coast is formed by numerous calcareous cliffs characterised by the formation of underwater caves. The littoral combines rocky areas with beaches of fine sand, some of which are considered virgin beaches.
The sea bed in the reserve area is diverse and has a high ecological and fishing value. The north-western area is characterised by the uniform presence of an extensive and dense Posidonia oceanica meadow over the rocky bed, next to coralligenous and maërl beds which are highly structured and well-conserved. The north-eastern area presents more fragmented beds alternating between soft beds with disperse patches of Posidonia oceanica meadows, highly developed sandy beds in front of the beaches and coastal detrital and precoralligenous beds.
Many biological communities grow around the Posidonia oceanica beds. These meadows of high biological production are considered as refuges and hatching areas for many species of importance to fishing.
Other well represented communities in the hard rocky beds are dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus), large-scaled scorpion fish (Scorpaena scrofa) and brown meagre (Sciaena umbra) as fish species. Crustaceans like the common spiny lobster (Palinurus elephas), the Mediterranean slipper lobster (Scyllarides latus) and the European lobster (Homarus gammarus) are also found there. There is a notable presence of coralligenous beds represented by a variety of free-living calcareous red algae (maërl) like Phymatolithon sp., Lithothamnion sp. and Peyssonnelia sp., where the knobbed triton (Charonia rubicunda) seeks shelter. The penumbra community of Cabo del Freu is unique in the archipelago. Moreover soft beds host symbolic species such as the pen shell (Pinna nobilis) and the pearly razorfish (Xyrichthys novacula). Certain species use this area temporarily while on migration, such as the common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) and the squid (Loligo vulgaris), both highly prized species in commercial terms
Venite alla riserva marina e scoprire un mondo vivente.